Masiphulele Fire Drill 2013

The day of the fire drill finally arrived and our learners attended with excitement and enthusiasm. Grade 11 and 12 were the first ones to be taught about fire safety on the 10th of April and the following day on the 11th was the grade 9 and 10 turn. Mr Donald from the Fish Hoek fire department led the workshop. The workshop for all the grades was more on a Q and A basis. Mr Donald taught them the causes of fire, prevention/precautions and about fire extinguishers.

Causes

  • Paraffin stoves
  • Candles/fire lamps
  • Flammable liquids and aerosols
  • Gas stoves
  • Candles/Fire lamps
  • Household appliances – clothes dryers, curling irons, hair dryers, refrigerators, freezers
  •  Chimneys that concentrate creosote
  • Batteries
  • Broken electrical lights
  • Thunderstorms/lightning and many more

Mr Donald asked the learners the causes of fire, the learners mentioned the ones they knew, he helped them out and told them other ones they never expected that they could cause a fire, and they listed them down discussed them and moved on to preventions/ precautions.

Prevention

  • Fire drills
  • Fire proofing
  • Fire alarm systems
  • Fire extinguishers
  • Fire stops
  • Maintaining proper fire exist
  • Prohibiting flammable materials in other parts of the buildings.

Mr Donald moved on to fire extinguishers, he finds the importance of everyone knowing how to use a fire extinguisher important, because you never know when you have to make use of it and there aren’t any fire brigades near.  He told them the parts of the fire extinguisher he also taught them the use of the fire extinguishers and different parts and their names on the extinguisher

 

 

 

 











Fire Extinguisher use

Water

Foam

Dry Powder

Wet Chemical

Carbon Dioxide

Carboneceous, wood, paper, textiles, hay, straw, linen, etc

ü   

ü   

ü   

          X

ü     

Flammable Liquids, petrol, paraffin, wax ,paints, oils

       X

ü   

ü   

ü   

        X

Gas, natural gas, butane acetylene methane, etc, container or mainly   leak

      X

       X

ü     

       X

        X

Electrical risks, mains in feed panels, kitchen equipment, welding   rigs, transformers etc

      X

       X

ü   

ü   

       X

Deep fat, deep fat fryers in open vast

     X

      X

      X

       X

ü     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mr Donald also taught them the parts of a fire extinguisher and their use, especially the important parts they have to be familiar with

Label

The label describes the type of extinguisher, different types are combustible, liquids, electrical and flammable metals, and always know the type of fire you are dealing with.

Handle and operating level

The handle and lever are located at the top at the extinguisher, in a case of fire you need to know how to handle it with control

Locking pin

The locking pin is a safety guard that should be left in position, until you are ready to use your extinguisher

Discharge nozzle

The nozzle is also at the top ad should be pointed in the direction of the fire when using the extinguisher

Pressure gauge

Is located at the top it indicated whether the tank is full or empty

After they were taught all of the parts and their uses, he asked them what they remembered and come up and explain, they also had question for Mr Donald and he was more than happy to answer the questions